Economic development and carbon emissions in China
China has entered a new phase of economic development—a new normal—in which large-scale, rapid and multidimensional changes in economic structure are happening. We constructed the time-series of CO2 emission inventories for China and its provinces. Environmentally extended input-output analysis and structural decomposition analysis were applied to investigate the driving forces behind changes in emissions. The results show deceleration of China’s annual emissions growth from 10% (2002–2012) to 0.3% (2012–2017), which is mainly caused by gains in energy efficiency, deceleration of economic growth, and changes in consumption patterns. Emission flow patterns have changed in both domestic and foreign trade since the global financial crisis. Some economically less developed regions, such as Southwest China, have shifted from being a net emission exporter to being a net emission importer. In terms of foreign trade, emissions embodied in China’s exports declined from 2007 to 2012 mainly due to changes in production structure and efficiency gains, while developing countries became the major destination of China’s export emissions.
米志付，现为英国伦敦大学学院副教授、博士生导师，伦敦政治经济学院高级访问学者。研究方向为气候变化经济学，在Science Advances、Nature Energy、Nature Geoscience、Nature Sustainability、Nature Food等期刊发表论文。入选福布斯 “30位30岁以下”精英榜单和科睿唯安“高被引科学家”。荣获中国经济学优秀博士论文奖，中国百篇最具影响国际学术论文奖，世界可持续发展奖，Nature Communications地球与行星科学前50名论文奖，Geophysical Research Letters高被引论文奖，Environmental Research Letters最佳青年学者论文奖，Applied Energy高被引原创论文奖。多次受邀参加联合国可持续发展大会和联合国气候变化大会。担任SSCI期刊Structural Change and Economic Dynamics共同主编。